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Glossary


Anomaly Something within the world that is odd and deviates from the normal. In paranormal terms, this is what we seek. It may be something strange in an otherwise normal photograph unseen to the human eye at the time. It may also be a form, a mist, etc. and cannot be classified under normal everyday terms.

Apparition The visible form of a ghost.

Aura - A distinctive air, quality, or field of energy that emanates from matter and is especially prominent around living things. Some people claim to see it in the form of colors that surround people.

AVP - Audible Voice Phenomena are anomalous voices and sounds that are heard in real time by investigators and captured on the recorded media.  The vast majority of AVP are noises—bangs, taps, gasps and moans—but rare AVP have included audible “spirit voices” as well.

Banishment - The act of ridding or dispelling an evil spirit from a location or person through ritualistic means. The act of banishing or banishment is generally faith-based and utilizes one's faith in a powerful deity to expell evil.

Baseline - Investigators use a baseline measurement of environmental conditions to determine environmental anomalies during the investigation.  Measurements of temperature, radiation, electromagnetic fields, air density and pressure, and others are systematically recorded to determine what’s “normal” about the site; departures from those baselines, therefore, potentially suggest what could be abnormal or paranormal.  Many groups use weather, solar and geological data as well, in order to create a baseline for the region of the investigation.

Channeling - The act of having a spirit speak or communicate through a living person. This may be done through speech, writing, action, etc. Information is passed to the channel by the spirit and given to people listening.

Clairaudience - To perceive sounds or words and extrasensory noise, from sources broadcast from spiritual or ethereal realm, in the form of "inner ear" or mental tone which are perceived without the aid of the physical ear and beyond the limitations of ordinary time and space. These tones and vibrations are more easily perceived in an alpha state and during meditation, though many clairaudients can obtain verbal and sound-related information regarding the past, present and future in a variety of environments. Most Channelers (also known as Mediums) work with both clairvoyance and clairaudience.

Clairempathy - An Empath is a person who can psychically tune in to the emotional experience of a person, place or animal. Clairempathy is a type of telepathy to sense or feel within one's self, the attitude, emotion or ailment of another person or entity. Empaths tune into the vibrations and "feel" the tones of the aura. Although empathic isn’t specifically a “clair” talent, it is closely related as emotions are part of schema of human perceptions. Empathic ability is one of the first and foremost forms of psychic awareness to develop in fact, and probably one of the most difficult to manage. The greatest challenge of being an Empath is that they tend to feel like a lightening rod; attracting every negative emotion they come around; i.e. depression and anxiety. At times these emotions can become so overwhelming that trying to sort out which are genuinely theirs and which belong to someone else becomes confusing. They may even try to alienate themselves from others just for a sense of sanity.

Clairegustance - To taste a substance without putting anything in one's mouth. It is claimed that those who possess this ability are able to perceive the essence of a substance from the spiritual or ethereal realms through taste.

Clairscentience - To smell a fragrance/odor of substance or food which is not in one's surroundings. These odors are perceived without the aid of the physical nose and beyond the limitations of ordinary time and space.

Clairvoyance - Having the supposed power to see objects or events that cannot be perceived by the senses. Foreseeing the future. In paranormal research terms, having psychic ability.o reach into another vibrational frequency and visually perceive "within the mind's eye" something existing in that realm. A clairvoyant is one who receives extrasensory impressions, and symbols in the form of "inner sight" or mental images which are perceived without the aid of the physical eyes and beyond the limitations of ordinary time and space. These impressions are more easily perceived in an alpha state and during meditation, though many clairvoyants can obtain visual information regarding the past, present and future in a variety of environments.

Cold Spot - Patches of cold air evident in haunted locations and thought to accompany paranormal activity.

Dead Time - Term used for the 3am hour. It is postulated that spirit activity tends to peak during this time and especially demonic activity. This is thought to be true in that 3am is the inversion of 3pm which is said to be the time that Jesus died on the cross.

Debunk(Debunking Evidence or Paranormal Activity) - When a simple, logical, and non-paranormal explanation is found that can account for events suspected to be paranormal activity.

Déjà vu - An impression or dull familiarity of having seen or experienced something before.

Deliverance - A term that is synonymous with exorcism (a Catholic term). Deliverance means quite simply the act of delivering from bondage or danger. It is commonly used by Protestant faiths as a term that means the act of driving out an evil spirit or demon through religious ritual(s).

Demon/Negative Entity - An evil supernatural being, or devil typically known as being a tormentor and possessor of the living.

Demonic Infestation - The presence of demonic forces or entities at or within a physical location, usually a home. Signs of infestation may include but not be limited to: loud bangs, noises, screams, wailing, physical moving of objects, being pushed or struck by unseen forces, strange smells, etc. The cause of infestation is usually due to some type of violent or decadent activity having occurred at the location. Such triggering events include: violent murders, suicides, torture, drug activity, prostitution, ritualistic satanic activity/black magic, and others.

Demonic Obsession - This stage is the middle period between demonic oppression and possession and is the term applied to the mental torture of an individual by demonic forces. Obsession manifests in varying degrees of restlessness with inner tension, clouded consciousness, inhibition of will, unusual irritability, fearfulness, suicidal impulses, dissociative states, and sudden impulses. The obsessed individual is tortured by constant, overwhelming mentally obsessive thoughts that make them think they are going crazy.

Demonic Oppression - The physical attacks of demonic forces upon individuals and even animals in some cases. These attacks may include: visible scratches, bruises, words or phrases found scratched or burned into an individual's or animal's skin, being hit, pushed, lashed, or being pushed, pulled or held down in bed, etc.

Demonic Possession - The action of a demon taking over the mind and soul of a human who is not being protected by the Holy Spirit. Possession may be intermittent through a demonic time-sharing process which allows a single demon to contaminate many people almost simultaneously. A single instance of demon possession may last no longer than a few seconds, but with devastating results, as in the case of a mass murderer with an automatic weapon. Individuals may convulse, scream obscenities or other ungodly things, attack people, throw, tear or destroy things, engage in self-abuse, etc. In such cases, exorcism or deliverance rituals are needed to cleanse the individual from the unclean spirit.

Demonologist - A person who actively studies and pursues demons or other entitles in order to help people rid them from their lives. Demonologists are frequently very religious people or clergy who vigorously tap faith in order to banish demons.

Desecration - The act of depriving something of its sanctity or sacred character or the disrespectful or contemptuous treatment of that which is held to be sacred or holy by a group or individual. This term describes vandalizing or the willful destruction of things such as holy articles or icons, cemeteries, religious places, graves, etc. Places such as cemeteries that have been desecrated tend to be hotbeds of paranormal activity. This is thought to be because spirits interred there are upset or angry over disrespectful treatment of their final resting places and are wandering around haunting because of the desecration.

Digital Camcorder A moving picture camera used to capture video. Same as a Camcorder, but the video is captured digitally (DV formatted at PAL DVD resolution).

Digital Camera A still picture camera used to capture still images. Same as a Camera, but the picture is captured digitally (usually JPEG formatted at varying megapixel resolutions, normally about 3 megapixels or more).

DivinationThe act of forseeing the future or the gathering of any other psychic information through Tarot cards, rune stones, etc.

Doppelganger An exact spirit double or mirror image of a person which is considered to be very negative.

Dowsing - Using movements of rods and sticks to ascertain the presence of ghosts or other energy fluctuations accompanying the presence of paranormal activity.

DVR (Digital Video Recorder) A unit used for the recording of (usually MPEG-2 formatted) video evidence that does not require tape, and can record for hours or days at a span. In paranormal research, a DVR is used to record input from multiple cameras/locations.

Earthbound A term referring to a ghost or spirit that was unable to cross over to the other side at the time of death and is therefore stuck on earth.

Ectoplasm The substance left behind when an entity tries to manifest itself. Although still largely theoretical (none has yet been collected for chemical analysis) it has been photographed on many occasions. It has been reported to be jellylike or slimy and to mostly accompany evil entities.

EMF (Electromagnetic Field) A combination of electrical charges occurring with magnetic fields that tend to accompany paranormal activity.

EMF Meter Handheld instrument designed to measure for electromagnetic fields thought to accompany paranormal activity.

Elemental A crude and basic entity that has never existed in human form. These entities are basic, crude, unrestrained and are prime examples of pure and unadulterated evil that knows no restraint or discipline. These entities are very harmful to humans.

Entity A conscious and interactive form of ghost.

Evidence - Analogous to how the word "tuition" is nearly always used, not in its literal sense as actual academic instruction, but rather in its metonymous sense as "tuition expenses," the word “evidence” is used loosely in paranormal investigating to refer to the unexamined, raw data, audio and video recorded during the investigation.  When the word is used to mean a specific artifact of paranormal evidence, it will be combined with a category of evidence, such as “EVP evidence” or “video evidence.”  However, until one or more specific anomalies have been found within it and singled out, it has no inherent significance other than as a general pool of raw data. 

Evidence Review - After an investigation has concluded, a period of time will be devoted to examining the gathered evidence for paranormal anomalies.  This activity is collectively referred to as “Evidence Review.” 

EVP (Electronic Voice Phenomena) Disembodied sounds captured on audio recording devices.

Exorcism The act of casting out a demon or evil spirit by means of a religious practitioner, usually the Catholic church.

Freakuency - This is TFC's very own term created by us. As you see, we have chosen to name our website freakuency. Freakuencies are like the paranormal radio waves all around us everywhere we go, waves that we would never know existed unless we were fortunate enough to have the correct receiver equipment to pick them up and to merely be there at the right time to simply listen and observe. Accordingly we spend our time trying to tune into to and align ourselves with these frequencies from beyond or “Phantom Freakuencies.” Phantom Freakuencies are quite simply the frequencies of those who have passed on from this life or the residual remains of long ago events that seem to have left impressions here on this earth.

Ghost A paranormal counterpart of a living physical form and/or mental presence that appears to exist apart from the original living physical form.

Ghost Box A device created for ghost hunting that utilizes AM radio frequencies to capture EVP’s. It scans radio frequencies as questions are posed and attempts to capture spirit voices coming through and attempting to communicate.

Ghost Light(s) Also known as Ignus Fatuus in Latin or "foolish fire" in English. These are sporadic and elusive lights occurring in nature that have long been thought to be spirit manifestations. These lights cannot be accounted for scientifically and may include dancing lights, appearing and reappearing lights, glowing mists, orbs, etc.

Guardian Spirit A spirit, angel, etc that tends to accompany a person through life and watch over them.

Haunting/Haunted The act of habitation or visitation in the form of a ghost or other supernatural being or reoccurring ghostly phenomena that returns to a location where no one is physically present. Ghosts generally haunt places and not people.

Hot Spot A term used to describe an area of heavy ghostly activity.

Infrared (Night Vision) A type of light/video used to assist viewing in very low light or completely dark environments.

Intelligent Haunting A form of ghostly manifestation that is apparently conscious and in which the entity intelligently interacts with the observer.

Intuition Non-paranormal knowledge that is gained through a perceptive insight. In other words, just knowing things at times without any rational explanation.

K2 Meter The K-II Safe Range meter (which acquired its name from its manufacturer, K-II Enterprises, was designed as a simple detector for laypersons to identify potentially hazardous electromagnetic fields in their homes or businesses. PPI uses them as inexpensive broad spectrum EMF/RF (radio frequency) detectors during our investigations.  The K-II possesses a panel of five L.E.D. lights that light up cumulatively as the EMFs increase or spike.  Because these lights provide a visible confirmation of EMF or RF activity in the darkness of a paranormal investigation, K-II's have come into popular use by the paranormal community as simple communication devices.  Working under the premise that unseen "spirits" create measurable electromagnetic fields, investigators invite entities to interact with the device and use the lights to answer questions in the style of "one knock for yes; two knocks for no" (see "Knocks and Taps"; however, other creative interrogation techniques are possible and encouraged:   questions in which the answers can be limited to five responses or fewer (e.g., "If you are a child, flash one light; if you are a teenager, make two lights illuminate; etc."); questions whose answers are a matter of intensity (e.g., "On a scale of one to five, five being the most, tell us how angry you are?"); and so on.  In the capacity of a communication device, K-II meters both inspire innovation and invite criticism.  PPI and many other groups have already devoted research and experimentation to the K-II's potential for false positives resulting from its inherent design weaknesses or from flawed tecniques in its somewhat clumsy adaptation to paranormal investigating.  Such controversy and criticism are perhaps a testament to the fact that K-IIs seem to produce results sometimes.  Further study of their credibility as tools of the paranormal trade is reason enough for most investigators to continue using them, but with a careful degree of skepticism.

Levitation - The reported occurrence of a person to rise into the air while in the midst of a trance-like state.

Lights Out - For a variety of practical reasons, investigations are usually conducted in the dark.   Though not a hard and fast rule, “Lights Out” can be used to signal the official start time of a formal investigation, when protocols protecting the evidence gathering from light and sound contamination go into effect until the designated breaks or the end of the investigation.

Manifest/Manifestation The act of a ghost or entity trying to make it self appear in our world. When something with no physical form such as a spirit or ghost is trying to appear in our world it is said to be trying to manifest.

MagnetometerA scientific instrument used to measure the strength and/or direction of the magnetic field in the vicinity of the instrument. Electromagneter field fluctuations tend to accompany paranormal activity.

MaterializationThe visual forming of a spirit or apparition where it is visible to observers.

Medium - A person thought to have the ability to communicate with ghosts and to communicate that information to those around them.

Metaphysics - A branch of philosophy concerned with explaining the fundamental nature of being in relation to the world. Metaphysics attempts to answer what the world is and what it is like to us.

Mist A Photographed anomaly that appears as a blanket of light. There is no substantial proof that these are related to paranormal phenomenon bu they seems to many times accompany paranormal activity or to occur in haunted places.

Near Death Experience (NDE) An experience and/or experiences that is/are reported by people who clinically die, or come close to actual death and are revived. These events often include encounters with spirit guides, seeing dead relatives or friends, life review, out-of-body Experiences (OBE), or a moment of decision where they are able to decide or are told to turn back.

Necromancy The practice of supposedly communicating with the spirits of the dead in order to predict the future.

Orbs Balls of light appearing in photographs of haunted locations and also to the naked eye in haunted locations. These are thought to accompany paranormal activity.

Ouija Board - A pre-printed board with letters, numerals, and words used to receive spirit communications. Typically a planchette is employed to spell out words and point out numbers or letters.

Ovilus - A device made for ghost hunting that is equipped with a recorder and several lights on it and that is said to measure electromagnetic waves and translate them into voices.

Paranormal The study of ghostly phenomena or phenomena not within the range of normal experience or scientifically explainable phenomena.

Paranormal Research/Ghost Hunting The careful scientific study and documentation of ghostly phenomena through the synchronization and correlation between personal experience and instrumentation.

Parapsychology - The study of the evidence for psychological or psychic phenomena that are inexplicable by science.

Perfect Possession - Being totally controlled or engrossed by evil with no ability to understand remorse over actions, empathy for others, or anything good. Individuals who are perfectly possessed are totally evil, totally against God and goodness, and totally surrendered to evil and Satan. This condition is applied to serial killers and individuals who hunt, prey upon, torture, and enjoy sadistically killing people, animals or both.

Phantasm Something apparently seen but having no physical reality. It is a phantom or illusory image. Can be used interchangeably with ghost or apparition.

Phenomenon Refers to an extraordinary event. In scientific terms, a phenomenon is any event that is observable and requires the use of instrumentation to observe, record, or compile data concerning it.

Planchette Triangular piece that sits in the center of a Ouija board and is the piece that moves reportedly under spirit guidance and answers questions and provides information from the spirit world.

Poltergeist German for “noisy ghost”. An entity or source of energy that causes sensational interaction with the physical environment and seems to manifest only when certain individuals are present.

Portal - A location thought to be a doorway or gate through which spirits are believed to enter the physical world.

Precognition/Premonition Knowledge of something in advance of its occurrence, A forboding or warning of things to come especially by extrasensory perception or clairvoyance. This mostly occurs through dreams or waking hallucinations.

Psychic - An individual who possesses extrasensory perception and mental telepathy such as the ability to see past, present, and future outside the traditional bounds of the five senses.

Psychokinesis/Psychokinetic - The phenomenon that involves the use of one's mind to move things and thought to be the transfer of strong and violent emotions into moving things with one's mind either consciously or unconsciously.

Purgatory - The place between Heaven and Hell in which souls are held in limbo to do penance in order to go through a final cleansing needed to go to Heaven. This concept is held strongly by the Catholic faith.

Reincarnation - The predominantly middle eastern belief that professes that souls are recycled in order to return in several lifetimes and to come back over and over being born as different people.

Remote Viewing - The ability to gather information about a distant or unseen target using paranormal means, in particular, extra-sensory perception (ESP) or sensing with mind. There have been and continue to be government operations promoting, researching, and utilizing this phenomenon.

Residual Haunting A form of ghostly manifestation that is repetitive and thought to be a recording of past events playing over and over.

Séance A meeting of people in order to receive spiritualistic messages. This usually occurs when people sit around a table in the dark in the presence of a spiritual medium who acts as leader and attempts to call and communicate with spirits that have passed on in death.

Shadow (Shadow Beings, Shadow Entities) Shadows refer to the manifesting of spirits/ghosts as dark forms with no visually ascertainable characteristics. They simply appear most times as shadows in the vague form of humans. Theory has suggested that shadow figures are entities that have not yet mustered the energy needed to appear as clearer more human looking figures.

Shaman Intermediaries or messengers between the human world and the spirit worlds. Shamans are said to treat ailments/illness by mending the soul. Shamans tend to be present in many indigenous tribes and are leaders due to their powers.

Sixth Sense IDescribes the ability to pick up and automatically know things without being told or having any other way of knowing specific information. Extra sensory perception (ESP) is another word for this phenomenon.

Spirit The vital principle or animating force within living beings. The spirit is the soul which departs from the body at death and lives on. Specifically, in paranormal terms, it is any nonphysical or incorporeal supernatural being that can become visible (or audible) to human beings.

Spirit Attachment Situation in which a spirit attaches to a living person. Spirits may get stuck or "earthbound" by their own misperceptions, tragedies, and dysfunctions and in turn a great many of them latch onto living people in order to live vicariously through them.

Spirit Photos Photography that is thought to catch spirits and may show people who were not there at the time the picture was taken, faces, forms, or mists, etc.

Telekinesis The elusive and unpredictable ability to move things through thought. This phenomenon is thought to occur in lots of instances where people think there is something paranormal going on but is instead the result of thought force. It is theorized that individuals have a subconscious, unharnessed ability to use thought to move objects. This theory is frequently applied to poltergeist cases in which some have postulated that there is a connection between young adolescent females who are present and able to subconsciously move things, many times violently, through strong thoughts and emotions associated with their age and mental turmoil. This theory is still at best controversial.

Temperature Gun Hand-held device that remotely measures temperature fluctuations/cold spots by means of a laser beam that makes contact with surfaces.

Tommy Knockers According to folklore, miners would think that tommy knockers were friendly spirits that would knock on mine walls to warn them of an impending collapse. Miners would report hearing such knocks each time immediately before mine disasters. Over the years many have heard rhythmic knocks coming from underground or abandoned mines and they have come to be thought the spirits of long dead miners who died in mine collapses. Many have reported hearing the knocks in direct response to their own knocks and when asking the alleged spirits to knock back.

Vault(Burial Vault or Mausoleum) A structure, usually stone or cement, built to house and shelve caskets above ground rather than in graves. Mausoleums are many times built to accommodate whole families.

Vortex/Vortices/Vortexes A concentrated yet brief area of high electromagnetic energy A vortex is thought to be a momentary doorway or portal to another realm that allows entities and other paranormal phenomena to come into our world. Vortexes are thought to be somehow linked to the earth’s electromagnetic fields with some areas of the earth though to actually be vortices, for example, the Bermuda Triangle, etc.

White Noise Background noise such as static that seems to provide conditions conducive to occurrences of electronic voice phenomena.

Witch/Witchcraft A practitioner of a religion derived from pre-Christian times, also called Witchcraft and usually a female. Witches/withcraft practices a benevolent reverence for nature, and recognizes two deities, variously viewed as Mother & Father, Goddess & God, Female & Male, etc.; its practitioners are called Wiccans, Wiccas, or witches. Since there is no central authority to propagate dogma, the beliefs and practices of Wiccans vary significantly. While this term has historically been ascribed many meanings, it generally refers to a woman claiming or popularly believed to possess magical powers and practice sorcery or a believer or follower of Wicca; a Wiccan. Witches have long been misunderstood and persecuted by Christians. This was very appparent in the Salem witch Trials of 1692 and sadly this ostacizing continues to this day.

Witching Hour The time when supernatural creatures such as witches, demons and ghosts are thought to be at their most powerful, and black magic at its most effective. This hour is typically midnight, and the term may now be used to refer to 3am -6am, or any late hour, even without having the associated superstitious beliefs. The term "witching hour" can also refer to the period from midnight to 3am, while "devil's hour" refers to the time around 3am. Three am is especially relevant in that it is the inversion of 3 pma when Christ died. Demons are though to utilize this time as a mockery of Christ.